“[…] So far as any single place could claim THE honour of being the seat of the scientific revolution, the distinction must belong to Padua.”
As the Historian of Science Herbert Butterfield adequately put (in The Origin of Modern Science, 1962), the History of Sciences in general and of Medicine in particular owes a lot to Padua and its long-standing university.
The University of Padua, by virtue of the freedom of study and thought granted by the Serenissima Republic, was the cradle of that Scientific Revolution, which changed the face of western knowledge. During the Renaissance, it was here that Astronomy and Physics were revolutionized. It was here that modern Medicine was born.