How does the Human Body Malfunction? Pathology

Pathology is the branch of Medicine that studies diseases.

For many centuries, European physicians had studied pathologies according to the ancient “Theory of Humorism“, positing that the functions of the human body were regulated by four fluids: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.

Giovan Battista Morgagni (1682-1771), right here in Saint Francis the Greater’s hospital, first associated the symptoms live patients to the lesions of organs he observed on their corpses, thus leading the way to modern Anatomical Pathology, which allowed to finally overcome the theory of Humorism and to introduce the scientific method in diagnostic methodologies.